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Saturday, November 21, 2020 | History

3 edition of Civilian internees of enemy nationality found in the catalog.

Civilian internees of enemy nationality

Home Office

Civilian internees of enemy nationality

categories of persons eligible for release from internment and procedure to be followed in applying for release

by Home Office

  • 115 Want to read
  • 30 Currently reading

Published by H.M.S.O. (1940. in London) .
Written in English


Edition Notes

StatementHome Office.
SeriesCmd.6233
The Physical Object
Pagination6p.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14370841M


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Civilian internees of enemy nationality by Home Office Download PDF EPUB FB2

Civilian internees in Australia During the First and Second World Wars, nationals of countries at war with Australia who were living in Australia were classed as “enemy aliens”.

Included as enemy aliens were naturalised British subjects who were born in enemy countries, Australian-born descendants of. British civilian internees in Germany: the Ruhleben camp, - Matthew Stibbe - Google Books This fascinating book tells the forgotten story of four to five thousand British civilians who.

“This shoulder strap was part of a scrap book put together by Eastern Command Salvage and Recovery Section in the early s. The strap is taken from a uniform jacket issued to enemy prisoners of war and civilian internees held in Australian camps during the Second World War.

Care of Enemy Prisoners of War/Internees Chapter 32 Care of Enemy Prisoners of War/Internees Introduction Healthcare personnel of the armed forces of the United States have a responsibility to protect and treat enemy prisoners of war (EPWs), retained personnel, civilian internees, and other detainees.

Civilian internees. President Woodrow Wilson issued two sets of regulations on April 6,and Novemimposing restrictions on German-born male residents of the United States over the age of The rules were written to include natives of Germany who had become citizens of countries other than the U.S.; all were classified as aliens.

Somepeople in that category were. intern civilians as enemy aliens; Many men, women and children interned in the camps were classed as 'enemy aliens'. This term meant they had ancestral or citizen links to countries at war with Australia.

About people were imprisoned byincluding 'enemy aliens'. Most of the internees. These books can offer background information and provide context as well as details and informative images. For instance, Captives of Empire includes a “Nominal” roster of internees listed by camp, including names, transfers to other camps, and ingest and release dates.

Several images from the book can be seen as part of this post. Complete lists of all prisoners of war and civilian internees (showing name, rank or position, nationality, next of kin, home address, age, sex, and physical condition) were to be prepared and dispatched to the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers.

Civilian internees - though not members of the armed forces - endured hardship, privation and even death at the hands of the enemy.

This book, first published intells the stories of 5/5(1). During the First World War nearly ‘enemy aliens’, mainly of German and Austro-Hungarian origin, were interned in camps in Australia.

The Library’s collection of papers of ‘enemy aliens’ interned in Australia during WW1 contains around 40 handwritten Civilian internees of enemy nationality book written by internees.

- A story from the State Library of New South Wales. German record cards of British and Commonwealth prisoners of war and civilian internees, Second World War Search by name for details of several hundred captured allied civilians as recorded on.

Civilian internees were concentrated on Singapore Island. There were a number of camps at Changi, the military were initially detained in the old Royal Artillery Barracks at Changi Point (Royal Air Force Changi and now Changi International Airport). This includes enemy prisoners of war (EPWs), retained personnel, civilian internees, and other detainees.

For the purposes of this chapter, all such personnel are referred to as internees. Department of Defense (DoD) healthcare personnel should make every effort to comply with “Principles of Medical.

While the incarceration order originated from an executive order (EO ), the government’s authority to intern enemy aliens derived from the US Code.2 Moreover, the model for humane treatment of internees came from the Geneva Prisoners of War Convention ofwhich most nations had ratified, including the United States, and to which.

enemy issues and despite the later transfer of responsibility for registration and internment to civilian authorities, their role continued throughout the war.

As the military established its internment processes and camps the government continued to appreciate the enormity of the alien of enemy nationality issue.

29 February Ellis Island, NY three page list of civilian enemy aliens of German ethnicity in custody on Ellis Island, New York Harbor, New York on 29 February (A few internees of Italian and Japanese ethnicity are included.).

This publication is titled - FMEnemy Prisoners of War, Civilian Internees and Detained Persons. Manual is designed to provide guidance and policy on POWs, Civilian Internees and Detained Persons and as a guide for the organization, training and employment of Seller Rating: % positive.

This book takes a fresh look at German internment policies within an international context, using Ruhleben camp as a particular example to illustrate broader themes includeing the background to the German decision to intern ‘enemy aliens’; Ruhleben as a ‘community at war’; the role of civilian internment in wartime diplomacy and Reviews: 7.

The internment of Japanese Americans in the United States during World War II was the forced relocation and incarceration in concentration camps in the western interior of the country of aboutpeople of Japanese ancestry, most of whom lived on the Pacific -two percent of the internees were United States citizens.

These actions were ordered by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Enemy Prisoners of War and Civilian Internees (Dept. of the Army Field Manual FM ) Paperback – January 1, by Department of the Army. (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions.

Price New from Used from Paperback, January 1, "Please retry" Author: Department of the Army. “This shoulder strap was part of a scrap book put together by Eastern Command Salvage and Recovery Section in the early s.

The strap is taken from a uniform jacket issued to enemy prisoners of war and civilian internees held in Australian camps during the Second World War. The Salvage and Recovery Section were responsible for collecting.

FM Enemy Prisoners of War and Civilian Internees "This manual is for the use of all personnel concerned with prisoner of war (PW) and civilian internee operations.

It is intended for use in conjunction with AR and AR This includes enemy prisoners of war, retained personnel, civilian internees, and other detainees. For the purposes of this chapter, all such personnel are referred to as internees.

It is the policy of the Department of Defense that healthcare personnel of the Armed Forces and the Department of Defense. 'Civilians from enemy nations, even if born in Australia, were subjects of suspicion and locked away in internment camps,' the book's publisher states.

'Many had. Scott, who was a Pulitzer Prize finalist for “Target Tokyo,” focuses in part on the 7, or so Americans and others held as prisoners of war or civilian internees in squalid conditions. In taking civilian internees and prisoners of war from overseas during the Second World War, Australia was loyally answering a call made by Britain.

The number of ‘enemy aliens’ from overseas who were interned in Australia was similar to the number of Australian residents interned in Australia, the latter reaching some 8, people.

Civilian Internment Camps in Japan Source for below material is from Enemy Alien Internment by Mayumi Komiya (Tokyo: Yoshikawa Kobun Kan, ). Dec. data compiled from Gaiji Geppo (Foreign Affairs Monthly Report), December issue, Tokyo, Japan.; As of Decemberthere were 2, civilians of Allied nations in Japan -- 1, Americans, British, Canadians.

Home office paper listing the categories of internees eligible for release. ‘Home office document entitled, ‘Civilian internees of enemy nationality’’, British Home Office (London, UK), H.M.

Stationery Office, August – Tate Archive | Tate. The first internee group from Latin America consisted of six Japanese, Germans, and 14 Italians arrived at the newly converted INS camp in April This group was augmented by an additional internees (chiefly of German nationality) who were received in May, and by Japanese internees.

The enemy seamen, on the other hand, totaling about 2, stayed put under INS control The army internees found their new daily routines more restricted than the less formal regimens they enjoyed in the INS camps. Audio brought to you by Curio, a Lapham’s Quarterly partner.

When Archduke Franz Ferdinand was shot point-blank in the neck on Jnews of his assassination ricocheted from Sarajevo all the way across Europe before the ballroom of a Parisian amusement park that evening, Austrian painter Paul Cohen-Portheim asked a Viennese count what he thought was going to happen next.

Chapter IV Endnotes 1 GHQ USAFPAC, Basic Outline Plan for "Blacklist" Opns (3d ed), 8 Aug 45 (TS), Annex 5f, Care and Evacuation of Allied PW's and Civ Internees. 2 Occupational Monogr of the Eighth US Army in Japan, Vol. I, Aug 45 Jan 46 (C), p. 3 (1) GHQ USAFPAC, Basic Outline Plan for " Blacklist " Opns (2d ed), 25 Jul 45 (TS).

"Blacklist" operations had been in the making since May. Excerpt from In Enemy Hands: A Prisoner in North Korea [On OctoZellers and the rest of the group of eighty-seven civilian internees were being turned over to the North Korean prison system.

As they waited in uncertainty, a North Korean major strode up to their area of the prison camp. To this end. in particular, the exemption provided by the Universal Postal Convention of and by the agreements of the Universal Postal Union in favour of civilians of enemy nationality detained in camps or civilian prisons, shall be extended to the other interned persons protected by the present Convention.

Internment is a specific kind of deprivation of liberty. In situations of armed conflict, it refers to the deprivation of liberty initiated or ordered by the executive branch – not the judiciary – without criminal charges being brought against the ment is an exceptional, non-punitive measure of control that may be ordered for security reasons.

The Enemy at Home: German Internees in World War I Australia. UNSW Press, Bevege, Margaret. Behind Barbed Wire: Internment in Australia during World War II. University of Queensland Press, ). Fischer, Gerhard. Enemy Aliens: Internment and the Homefront Experience in Australia, University of Queensland Press, Nagata.

Treatment of civilian internees Both in the case of enemy civilians on the territory of a Party to the conflict, and that of protected persons in occupied territory, the principle is that if the Detaining Power considers it necessary, for imperative reasons of security, to take safety measures concerning protected persons, it may, at the most.

Civilian Internment in Canada brings together senior scholars in the field of internment and civil liberties studies with emerging scholars, graduate students, community members, teachers, public historians, artists, former internees, descendants of internees, and redress activists to examine the processes and consequences of civilian.

a Included civilian internees, of which 3 were female and 18 female POW's. b Inclu male POW's, female POW's, 23 children, and 8, civilian internees.

The National Library of Australia Bookshop, located in Canberra, sells books and merchandise by Australian authors and artists, and prize-winning international books. Wholesale orders also available for booksellers and retailers. toll free. North Charles Street Baltimore, Maryland, USA +1 () [email protected] © Project MUSE.

Produced by Johns Hopkins University. Yet, long delays in the release of prisoners of war and civilian internees after cessation of hostilities were understood to be a violation of IHL, not the formation of a new rule.

() This was even the case where the lack of political settlement could result in further hostilities or had congealed in a situation of permanent occupation.